Environmental Consulting & Engineering Services - from Concept to Reality

Natural Resources & Ecology

Case Study

Ponkapoag Golf Course
Ponkapoag Golf Course

The Ponkapoag Golf Course is a 27-hole, Donald Ross-designed course that is owned and operated by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation (MassDCR).
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I have been very pleased with each of the projects I have worked on with ESS. From training volunteers in the field to lab work to filing Notices of Intent for lake management projects, all have gone perfectly. The deliverables have always been very thorough, professional, and well-crafted, leaving little room for comment. I look forward to our next project.

Tom Flannery, Aquatic Ecologist, Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, Lakes and Ponds Program

Threatened & Endangered Species

Piping ploverESS staff have conducted numerous rare, threatened, and endangered surveys for a broad group of terrestrial, aquatic, and marine species including vegetation, fish, reptiles, amphibians, periphyton, benthic macroinvertebrates, phytoplankton, zooplankton, and avian species and flora. These efforts have involved development of species specific survey protocols, implementation of extensive field programs, and coordination with U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Marine Fisheries Services, and state Natural Heritage Programs.

ESS services for threatened and endangered species assessments include:

  • Vegetation Surveys and Mapping
  • Protected Marine Species Surveys and Monitoring
  • Wildlife Habitat Evaluations
  • Avian and Bat Surveys and Monitoring
  • Fish Surveys
  • Freshwater Mussels
  • Marine Mammal and Sea Turle Obsevations
  • Essential Fish Habitat (EFH) Assessments
  • Benthic Macroinvertebrate Surveys
  • Vernal Pool Studies
  • MMPA Incidential Harrashment and Take Authorizations
  • Biological Assessments
  • Endangered Species Act Section 7 Consultations


Terrestrial & Aquatic Flora & Fauna

ESS ecologists, biologists, botanists, and scientists have years of experience conducting studies for federal and state-listed terrestrial and aquatic flora and fauna. Our staff’s experience includes development of survey protocols, agency consultations, habitat and species specific field surveys, and development of Endangered Species Act conservation and mitigation plans. We have conducted a number of studies for coastal seabirds, wetland plants, and freshwater mussels that have allowed us to become familiar with species' habitat requirements, life histories and ranges, and approved survey methodologies. ESS has established excellent working relationships with US Fish and Wildlife Service, state fish and wildlife agencies, and Natural Heritage Programs that facilitate the development, approval, and implementation of survey protocols and compliance documents.


Protected Marine Species

ESS marine biologists have experience conducting studies for marine species protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) and Endangered Species Act (ESA). We have conducted surveys and assessments for marine mammals and sea turtles along the Atlantic seaboard. Our staff’s experience includes research and literature reviews, data inquiries, marine resource assessments, aerial and ship board surveys, impact assessments, and authorization requests under the MMPA.